Producers Seek Ideal Wheat with OSU Varieties

For Immediate Release

Contact Mike Schulte—Executive Director

Phone:  1-405-608-4350

Oklahoma State University (OSU) varieties continue to lead planted acres of Hard Red Winter Wheat across the state of Oklahoma, according to the March 2024 “Oklahoma Variety Report” from USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service.  For the sixth year in a row, the top five leading wheat varieties planted in the state were developed by OSU with another three listed in the top ten.  

Doublestop CL Plus variety takes the top spot for the third year in a row, with Green Hammer moving into second position from fourth place, and Smith’s Gold moving into the number three location from second position last year. Mainstay varieties Gallagher and Endurance varieties move into the fourth and sixth spots respectively.  The Showdown variety moves up one spot from 6th place to 5th rank after moving from 24th place last year. It should be no surprise to see the upward movement in Showdown, as it is widely adapted from west Texas to central Kansas, including the Oklahoma panhandle and has a very high yield ceiling.  Showdown shows good standability and responds well to grazing with adequate seed density.  Showdown also incorporates Hessian fly resistance.  Moving from number 9 to 7th spot, OK Corral the OSU beardless variety that is great for grazing as well as grain and has been a favorable replacement for Deliver. Rounding out the top 10 spot the reliable Iba variety that has outstanding test weight averages with more management intensive practices.

The OSU varieties offer a genetically diverse portfolio with wide adaptations across most regions of the state. Producers looking for high yielding varieties with the Gold n Grain trademark provide the best qualities for millers and bakers. (One message rings loud and clear, based on Wheat Quality Council and preferred variety lists, millers and bakers are sourcing from Oklahoma for the most suitable wheat quality.) Other core varieties for producer use include Strad CL Plus and BentleyStrad CL Plus follows right in line and is known as the Doublestop CL Plus upgrade for straw strength, forage production and maturity.  Newer OSU varieties released in 2020, continued advanced movement into the survey this year with significant gains in acreage. These include Uncharted, a variety that comes in soon after with its significant breakthrough in Barley Yellow Dwarf protection and novel leaf rust resistance. Trailing not far behind is Butler’s Gold, a short season wheat that gives more options to producers growing multiple crops.  

Newer Releases for the Future

To learn more about the newest OSU wheat variety High Cotton  just released this past year with increased acreage and seed availability for the 2024 planting season, click here

What does High Cotton have to offer?

  • The increased yield of this variety is expected to offset potential declines in planted wheat acreage in the future and help maintain the nation’s current food supply.
  • With yield, High Cotton exceeds Showdown, Smith’s Gold, Bentley and Gallagher wheat varieties by 5 to 13 bushels per acre. It performed at 17% above average in OSU statewide yield trials.
  • Its test weight has averaged 1.2 pounds per bushel above the average research trials, and the Wheat Quality Council found it to have acceptable milling and baking attributes.
  • It has dual resistance to leaf and stripe rust as well as resistance to other common wheat diseases in Oklahoma.
  • High Cotton is a dual-purpose wheat that provides early grazing opportunities while sustaining winter dormancy.

Thanks to wheat improvement programs like the one at OSU, producers continue to have improved and expanded options of wheat varieties to plant.  Whether it is improved stress or pest tolerance or increased yields coupled with end-use quality expected by our food industry, the Oklahoma Wheat Improvement Team at OSU is working to develop varieties that are meeting producers’ changing needs.

Most importantly, OSU wheat varieties are locally adapted but globally marketed.

It is important to note the varieties released by the Wheat Improvement Team at OSU have been through several years of testing for quality-based attributes that domestic and foreign customers expect in their milling and baking operations.  Variety development programs that rush a variety to release may not provide the same level of scrutiny for end-use performance. By finding important traits that are beneficial to grain buyers, the OSU Wheat Improvement Team is also working to penetrate a wider segment in the food sector by creating varieties that have dual benefit to farmers and end users.

For the 2024 USDA Oklahoma Wheat Variety Survey click here.

Variety by Grain Shed